CLASSIFICATION OF BUILDINGS AS PER NBC
According to the National Building Code of India – NBC [SP: 7-2005), buildings are classified based on occupancy as follows :
1. Residential Buildings :
These are the buildings in which sleeping accommodation is provided for normal residential purposes with or without cooking or dining or both facilities.
- Private dwelling houses
- apartment houses (flats)
- School and college dormitories
- Military barracks, etc
2. Educational Buildings
These hall include any building used for school, college or day-carepurposes involving assembly for instruction, education or recreation
3. Institutional Buildings
These shall include any building or part thereof which is used for purposes such as medical or other treatment or care of persons suffering from physical or mental illness or disease, care of infants, convalescents of aged persons and for penal or correctional detention in which the liberty of the inmates is re- stricted. Institutional buildings ordinarily provide sleeping accommodation for the occupants.
- Nursing homes
- Mental Hospitals
- Jails, Prisons
- Orphanges, etc.
4. Assembly Buildings:
These shall include any building or part thereof where a group of people gather for recreation, amuse- ment, social, religious, political, civil, travel and similar purposes.
- Cinema halls
- Assembly halls
- Exhibition halls
- Skating rings
- Marriage halls
- Places of worship Club rooms
- Dance halls
- Railway stations
- Bus stations
- Airports etc.
5. Business Buildings:
These shall include any building or part of a building which is used fortransaction of business, for the keeping of accounts and records for similar purposes.
The principal function of these buildings is transaction of public business and the keeping of books and records.
- Court houses
- City halls
- Town halls
- Banks, etc.
6. Mercantile Buildings :
These shall include any building or a part of a building which is used as shops, stores, market, for display and sale of merchandise, either wholesale or retail.
These shall include any building or part of a building or structure in which products or materials of all kinds and properties are fabricated, assembled or processed.
- Assembly plants
- Power plants
- Refineries Mills
- Gas plants
- Industries, etc.
8. Storage Buildings:
These shall include any building or part of a building primarily used for the storage or sheltering of goods, wares or merchandise.
- Transit sheds
- Freight depots
- Grain elevators
- Stables etc.
9. Hazardous Buildings
These shall include any building or part of a building which is used for the storage, handling, manufacture or processing of highly combustible explosive materials or products which are liable to burn with extreme rapidity or which may produce poisonous fumes or explosions.
These shall also include buildings used for storage, handling, manufacturing or processing which In- valve highly corrosive, toxic or noxious alkalies, acids or other liquids or chemicals producing flame, fumes and explosive etc.
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